To understand why vitamin E is needed, you should study the mechanism of its action on the human body. This fat-soluble vitamin is the main antioxidant, it prevents the destruction of cells by toxic metabolic products. Its positive effect on the reproductive function of women and men is no less well known. Children need it for development and growth. And this is not all of its functions, many of them still remain unexplored.
The role of vitamin E
Vitamin E (tocopherol) – not one, but as many as eight compounds, of which four isomers of tocopherol (alpha, beta, gamma and Delta) and the same number of isomers of the same name tocotrienols. Unlike many other vitamins, it is contained in the necessary amount in the daily diet of modern people. Therefore, hypovitaminosis E is rare, while the deficiency of this vitamin is quite common due to violations of its absorption against the background of various congenital and acquired diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Vitamin E protects against the destruction of proteins and vitamin A, together with another antioxidant vitamin C helps to absorb selenium and activate the enzyme antioxidant defense. All this leads to the suppression of the aging process, so vitamin E is called the vitamin of youth.
The role of vitamin E in the body has not yet been fully studied, but it is already known that it is necessary for a person, as it has the following therapeutic effects:
They protect cell membranes from the harmful effects of free radicals-toxic substances formed during oxidative-reducing reactions that enter the metabolism. Tocopherols have a dual cell protection mechanism:
- interact with free radicals, turning them into inactive compounds;
- they prevent the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids – a process that destroys cells.
Tocopherols prevent oxygen starvation of cells, participate in cellular respiration, promote proper oxygen consumption by cells, maintain the state of skeletal muscles, endurance, and regulate the synthesis of ubiquinone – another antioxidant that is vital for cells with a high level of energy metabolism (myocardium, brain, liver, etc.).
They play a significant role in the formation of nucleic acids that preserve and transmit hereditary information.
Controls the formation of the iron-containing part of hemoglobin (heme) and myoglobin (stores and stores oxygen in the muscles), as well as some enzymes that contribute to the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen. This leads to activation of cellular respiration, metabolism, and removal of toxic metabolic products.
Inhibits the action of enzymes that destroy phospholipids of cell membranes – another mechanism that prevents cell destruction.
It helps to strengthen cellular and humoral immunity, protecting against infections and cancer.
Participates in the synthesis of pituitary gonadotropins, affects the synthesis of female and male sex hormones. It helps to normalize the placenta in pregnant women, which is why it is called the fertility vitamin.
Promotes the synthesis of collagen and elastin, rejuvenates the skin.
It acts on the walls of blood vessels, suppresses their permeability, prevents the appearance of edema;
It suppresses increased blood clotting, prevents the formation of blood clots and the development of thrombophlebitis-inflammation of the vein walls.
Prevents the destruction of red blood cells (hemolysis) and the development of hemolytic anemia, including in newborns.
Promotes wound healing, has a restorative effect.
Benefits for the body
Tocopherol has a variety of effects on the human body. Therefore, it is necessary for people of any age and gender with a variety of health problems. To understand why vitamin E is useful in capsules or in an oil solution, and which drug to choose, you should consult your doctor.
The role of Tocopherols in the male body is not fully understood. They control the secretion of pituitary gonadotropins, which regulate the secretion of testosterone by the sex glands. Deficiency can lead to impotence, impaired sperm maturation, partial or complete infertility. Therefore, if the doctor has prescribed it, it is necessary to conduct a course of treatment.
Men who play sports will experience a lack of Tocopherols in the form of muscle weakness, increased fatigue during training. Additional intake of tocopherol in the form of dietary supplements makes it possible to restore men’s health. Vitamin E benefits the body of a man, but can also cause harm if taken for a long time in large doses.
The benefits of vitamin E are shown in the fact that it acts on pituitary gonadotropins (GTH) and affects the menstrual cycle (MC). In the first half of the MC, it stimulates the secretion of pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), helps the maturation of the egg, and helps prepare the uterine mucosa for conception. In the second half of the MC, tocopherol stimulates the secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH), timely release of the egg from the ovary (ovulation), and continued preparation of the uterine mucosa for conception.
The peculiarity of tocopherol action is its ability to have a beneficial effect both with a lack and an excess of sex hormones. What else vitamin E helps women do:
- it has a mild regulating effect, improving reproductive function;
- helps with premenstrual syndrome (PMS), which develops against the background of excess estrogen;
- restores MC disorders associated with a lack of estrogens.
Many women wonder why they drink vitamin E during menopause. When the synthesis of sex hormones decreases, tocopherol is prescribed to stimulate its production by affecting the pituitary gonadotropins. This allows a woman to survive the menopause without unpleasant sensations.
During menopause, taking tocopherol is also important, as it slows down the development of osteoporosis, suppresses excessive dryness of the genital mucosa and reduces immunity.
During pregnancy and breast-feeding
The beneficial properties of vitamin E are vital during pregnancy. Tocopherol supports pregnancy, growth and physical development of the fetus. It stimulates the development of the brain, skeletal muscles and internal organs of a growing child. A sufficient amount of it in the body of a pregnant woman ensures the proper functioning of the heart muscle-the myocardium.
During breast-feeding, tocopherol provides additional secretion of the pituitary hormone prolactin, which is responsible for the production of female milk. Prescribes tocopherol pregnant obstetrician-gynecologist women’s consultation.
For face skin
The benefits of vitamin E for the body extend to the face. It suppresses the process of destruction of cells by free radicals, promotes the accumulation of glycogen in them, from which you can quickly get energy material – glucose, so it has a rejuvenating effect. Under its influence, the proteins collagen and elastin Mature, which give the skin elasticity. Promotes the absorption and prevents the destruction of vitamin A. together, vitamins E and A have a positive effect on the skin and maintain its youth.
Deficiency is important for acne, which is caused by a violation of the hormonal background and sebum secretion. It has a regulating effect, gently restoring the hormonal background, which gradually improves the course of acne.
For hair health
The health and appearance of hair is closely related to the General state of the body, which is affected by metabolic disorders. With a deficiency of Tocopherols, the condition of the scalp skin and blood circulation in it deteriorates. Hair becomes dull, brittle or, conversely, greasy.
Of great importance is the hormonal background, which largely depends on the presence of Tocopherols in the body. Course intake of dietary supplements significantly improves the condition of the hair. In addition, the cosmetics industry produces shampoos and hair masks enriched with tocopherol – this also helps to improve the growth and appearance of hair.
Do children need this vitamin
The question of what vitamin E is needed for a particular child is decided by the pediatrician. He also prescribes the dose and duration of the course of administration. It is believed that children need tocopherol for growth and development:
- as an antioxidant, the metabolism of children is more intense than that of adults, more free radicals are formed that can harm the child’s body; Tocopherols actively suppress their action;
- as a regulator of protein metabolism, proper protein metabolism contributes to the growth of the child, the development of its skeletal muscles, the activity of smooth muscles of internal organs and, above all, the heart muscle-the myocardium;
- as an immunomodulator that promotes rapid maturation of the child’s immune system and relieves him of frequent colds.
Take your vitamins wisely
Capsules (medications or supplements) are drunk in courses immediately after a meal. They are prescribed by a doctor who knows exactly what your body needs vitamin E for. It will determine the daily dose and duration of the course, taking into account the patient’s age, condition, and comorbidities.
There are also standard recommended daily dosages:
- adults: 100-200 IU; course 4-8 weeks; if necessary, the reception can be repeated in 3 months; in a large dose of 150-200 IU per day, drink courses no more than 4 weeks;
- athletes and persons engaged in heavy physical labor: you can take up to 600 IU; the maximum permissible daily dose of synthetic tocopherol is 1100 IU, natural-1500 IU; if the doctor prescribed tocopherol, these dosages should not be exceeded;
- children from 6 to 12 years: 50-100 IU;
- children from one to 6 years: 20-40 IU;
- children under one year: 5-10 IU.
UNIT CONVERTER: VITAMIN E
Vitamin E-a complex of substances that preserve youth
Form of substance
Vitamin E-a complex of substances that preserve youth
Decimal places in the result
Recalculation of IU ⇄ g / mg / mcg (developed by pharmacists and doctors based on reliable data)
The quality of supplements matters
In medicines sold in pharmacies, synthetic vitamin E is used, in dietary supplements – mostly natural. The advantages of natural are:
- the presence of 8 isomers, each of which has its own healing properties; in the synthetic there is only one isomer – alpha-tocopherol;
- the effect of a natural drug is milder and more natural; its bioavailability is lower than that of a synthetic one, so the daily dosage should be higher.
Vitamin E is a complex of substances that preserve youth. it is better to take high-quality, natural supplements.
Harm from abuse
Once you know what vitamin E is good for, don’t overdo it! It is not recommended to drink supplements for a long time in a large dosage: vitamin E can cause harm by accumulating (accumulating) in the human body. The harm of vitamin E is manifested in overdose symptoms:
- transient renal impairment (according to laboratory tests);
- diarrhea, nausea, upper abdominal pain;
- high blood pressure;
- weakness, lethargy, decreased performance.
Vitamin E is vital for the human body. It protects tissues from destruction by toxic metabolic products, is necessary for regulating metabolic processes and maintaining the normal functioning of various organs and systems. Its role in the human body has not yet been fully studied, perhaps after a while we will learn about its new properties.