Cinnamon Ceylon, or cinnamon (Latin Cinnamomum verum) 

Cinnamon Ceylon, or cinnamon (Latin Cinnamomum verum)is a species of evergreen trees of the genus Cinnamon (or Cinnamon laurel) of the Laurel family. Cinnamon is also called dried tree bark, which is used as a spice. On sale, you can find cinnamon, both in a powdered state, and in the form of pieces of bark wrapped in tubes. Today, the culture is cultivated in China, India, Malaysia, Ceylon, Madagascar, Java, Egypt, Sri Lanka, Guiana, Indonesia and Brazil. In Russia and European countries, plants are grown only in greenhouses and indoor conditions. Botanists claim that the best cinnamon grows in Ceylon and China.

Characteristics of culture Cinnamomum verum

Cinnamon Ceylon is an evergreen tree or shrub with cylindrical triangular branches. The leaves are leathery, short-stemmed, oval-oblong, up to 18 cm long, have 2- strongly pronounced veins. The flowers are medium-sized, greenish, collected in paniculate inflorescences, have an unpleasant smell. The fruit is a purple single-seeded berry, reaching 0.5-1 cm in diameter.

Cinnamon Ceylon, or cinnamon (Latin Cinnamomum verum) 

Cinnamon is a light-loving and heat- oving culture, grows well only in tropical climates. It is not adapted to the conditions of the middle zone of Russia, it dies with the onset of cold weather, so cultivation is possible only in winter gardens and rooms with sufficient temperature and high humidity.

Cultivation

It is recommended to grow the crop in intensively lit areas, half-haded in the hot afternoon. Soils are preferably light, well-drained, moderately moist, rich in minerals. The area under the Ceylon cinnamon should be completely freed from rhizomatous weeds.

In countries with a hot climate, seeds are sown in the open ground, in the middle zone – in pots or any other containers filled with a mixture consisting of leaf and leafy earth and sand in a ratio of 1:1:1. After sowing, the soil is abundantly watered by rain, at home you can use a spray gun.

Cinnamon is also propagated by semi-reshened cuttings. Cuttings are planted immediately after cutting into wet sand. The optimal temperature for rooting is 20-25C. The care of cinnamon consists in regular watering, weeding and pruning.

The first bark is removed no earlier than two years later. After that, the plants are cut off at the root. In the future, under optimal growth conditions, the stumps form new shoots. The bark is collected every two years. The upper woody layer of measles is removed, the rest is dried. As a result of drying, the bark is rolled into tubes.

Application

The bark of the Ceylon cinnamon is used in cooking as a spice or aromatic additive. Cinnamon is especially valuable in the confectionery industry, it is added in the manufacture of chocolate, cookies, lollipops and various desserts. In eastern countries, cinnamon is added to lamb and chicken dishes. In the USA, ground cinnamon bark is added to coffee, cereals and fruit dishes.

The bark of the cinnamon tree is widely used in folk medicine. Essential oils extracted from cinnamon are used in aromatherapy, and its extracts are useful for colds. Essential oils are also used in perfumery, or rather when creating eau de toilette and perfumes with oriental notes.

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